# Continuity at a Point

Continuous Meaning: We say a function f (x) is continuous at a point x = a it means at a point (a, f (a)). The graph of the function has no holes or graphs. That is, its graph is unbroken at point (a, f (a)). The continuity at x = a2 if $$\underset{x\to {{a}_{2}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)$$. does not exist.

Continuity at a point: A function f (x) is said to be continuous at a point x = a of its domain if $$\underset{x\to a}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=f\left( a \right)$$.

Thus, (f (x) is continuous at x = a).

⇒ $$\underset{x\to a}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=f\left( a \right)$$.

⇒ $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{-}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=\underset{x\to {{a}^{+}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=f\left( a \right)$$.

If f (x) is not continuous at a point x = a, then it is said to be discontinuous at x = a.

If $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{-}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=\underset{x\to {{a}^{+}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)\ne f\left( a \right)$$, then the discontinuity is known as the removable discontinuity because f(x) can be made continuous by re-defining it at point x = a in such a way that $$f\left( a \right)=\underset{x\to a}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)$$.

If $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{-}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)\ne \underset{x\to {{a}^{+}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)$$, then f (x) is said to have a discontinuity of first kind.

A function f (x) is said to have a discontinuity of the second kind at x = a if $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{-}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)$$ or $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{+}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)$$ or both do not exist.

Continuity on an open interval:  A function f (x) is said to be continuous on an open interval (a, b) if it is continuous at every point on the interval (a, b).

Continuity on a closed interval:  A function f (x) is said to be continuous on a closed interval {a, b} if

1. f is continuous on the open interval (a, b)

2. $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{+}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=f\left( a \right)$$.

and,

3. $$\underset{x\to {{a}^{+}}}{\mathop{\lim }}\,f\left( x \right)=f\left( b \right)$$.

In order words, f (x) is continuous on [a, b] if it is continuous on (a, b) and it is continuous at a form the right and at b form the left.